In the Republic of Senegal, access to education is guaranteed for all children by its Constitution. However, a lack of resources to cope with the demand of students, in addition to geographic and gender disparities, resulted in poor enrollment rates, teacher training, and quality of education across Senegal. These issues have led to families seeking out private schools, often religious, or students forgoing formal education for apprenticeships.

Initiatives from the United Nations, the World Bank, and the Global Partnership for Education in conjunction with the Senegalese government have aimed to strengthen the national curriculum and provide equal opportunities for schooling to children all over the country. Massive infrastructure expansion and education reform in the early twenty-first century led to growth in enrollment among all education levels, particularly among girls. Despite these increased rates, concerns regarding the quality of education, dropout rates, and low enrollment in secondary education remain a priority for the West African nation.

Learn more from Senegal: Trends and Futures.

Read the Country Overview for Senegal.

A youth protest

Is student protest an effective method to protest the legitimacy of institutional authority?

In this chapter from Affect Theory and Comparative Education Discourse, author Irving Epstein discusses the theoretical framework of social movements and analyzes student-led demonstrations in Chile, Spain, the U.S., and Hong Kong over the past decade. Epstein argues that these cases represent a clear rejection of the status quo and a desire to create a more inclusive future. Find more material on Youth Protest here.

ARTICLE SPOTLIGHT: Special Education Needs and Disabilities

Special educational needs and disabilities in primary education differ widely in approach and implementation. Compare across countries for a more in-depth understanding of this important aspect of education.