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China currently has the largest education system in the world. To understand it, one must begin with understanding the three traditions that shape Chinese education systems: the legacy of Confucianism and the Mandarin system; the legacy of Western-influenced education; and the legacy of Soviet higher education. Even with these three traditions, the influence of ‘Gaokao’, which is the national entrance examination to higher education, has deeply influenced Chinese society as it safeguards equity and promotes social mobility. Explore how all of these things come together in “China: An Overview” from Education in East Asia.
Challenges in education
While there is universal compulsory education in China, education is not tuition-free. Families must pay fees in order to have their child attend school. In this policy report, the authors’ research suggests that school fees affect not only schooling choices, but also migration choices for many across the nation.
“Before this parents’ meeting, I believed that rural parents did not attach great importance to education. I was wrong. They pay much attention to education; the only dilemma was that they do not know how to deal with their children’s education and support their learning.”
Discover the responsibility and complexity of leading an urbanizing rural school by reading the account of the novice principal of Zhatang Primary School.
Understanding education in Australia starts with understanding federalism in Australian education, in which educational policy is divided between the state and Commonwealth, not always consistently. Take an in-depth look into policy and the effect of federalism in primary education and secondary education in these original articles. Beyond the federal system, Aboriginal education is arguably the oldest form of education worldwide, possibly 40,000–60,000 years old though everything about Aboriginal society and life, including education, changed with colonization.
Challenges in education
First generation students attending university face many challenges. In this thorough case study, researchers worked with focus groups of indigenous and non-indigenous first generation students at the University of Sydney to learn more about the challenges diverse groups of students face and steps universities can take to help them succeed.
What challenges to teachers and administrators face in Australia and how can they succeed? Music education in Australia has faced major issues since colonial schools were first established, while service-learning in Australia has proven particularly effective in maximizing the impact of values pedagogy on all aspects of student achievement.
Discover the challenges and successes of an educator accepting his first principalship at a remote school catering to grades from kindergarten (4 years old) to secondary school (17 years old), where the nearest town is 303 km away. Learn more about practicing successful school leadership in Australia with a focus on case studies, principal and leadership development projects and networks, and publication and distribution of stories on being a principal to Australian schools.
The role and status of play and its viewpoint on how it affects human development varies around the world. In New Zealand, practitioners are expected to have an understanding of play and believe that children learn by using their resources creatively. In Wales, play is regarded as fundamental in a curriculum. For an example of a play-based curriculum, read about The Foundation Phase, which emphasizes on balancing child-led and adult-led activities in early childhood education.
Increasing bilingual schooling in Europe has led to new European policies and guidance on bilingual education. Models of bilingual schools provides a starting point with a preferred ideology for bilingual education, a proposed framework, and a selection of working models of bilingual schooling. For in-practice examples, read about the experience of teacher-learners and novice English language teachers in Santa Fe, Argentina as they implement new English Language Teaching curriculum to a large range of students. From the other side of the desk, how can language education policy affect teacher identity? Read this account from Liana Beattie, who found herself analyzing her own identity while developing her first curriculum according Soviet standards in Georgia.
ARTICLE SPOTLIGHTSFriendship and Peer Cultures
Compare friendship and peer cultures in childhood across a variety of countries.
Special educational needs and disabilities in primary education differ widely in approach and implementation. Compare across countries for a more in-depth understanding of this important aspect of education.